Reincarnation stories in Hinduism
Buddhist Reincarnation in both Buddhists and Hindu is a religious practice where they believe that once a human being passes away, they begin a new life in a different body form. A lot of Buddhist reincarnation stories are created to support this religion’s culture and beliefs showing how humans could live, die then come back to a different state. It offers relief to a family who has lost their loved one knowing that their loved one would be back in a different form of life as taught in the Buddhist reincarnation culture. Buddhist reincarnation stories provide different viewpoints to prove that reincarnation occurs. Reincarnation beliefs are part of Buddhist reincarnation culture, and the Hindu community has adopted the lifestyle.
BUDDHIST REINCARNATION IN VEDIC LITERATURE
In the Buddhist reincarnation stories, the Vedic literature tries to proof reincarnation exists. Vedic literature is used to express individual thoughts in the ancient community and acted as a union for the Hindu and Buddhist reincarnation communities. Buddhist reincarnation stories show it was created from the Sanskrit and is never written down. Buddhist Vedic literature is only recited hence referred to as Smriti and Sruti, where Smriti means memorized and Sruti means hearing. They were later recorded when writing was invented in the cultures. The core religious teachings from the Vedic literature are only four together with the Upanishads which are valued in the societies. The use of karma, Samsara and Akarma are held high in the Buddhist reincarnation stories.
In Buddhist reincarnation stories, there are usually four types of Vedas in the Hindu and Buddhist societies. These were the ancient Vedic literature which was later written down to offer further reading to future generations without losing the meanings to Buddhist reincarnation.
Yajur Veda: It’s a philosophy that describes the history of Yajna in the Buddhist reincarnation history. It is subclassified into two segments; Shukla and Krishna Veda.
Sama Veda: It is a Vedic literature which contains hymns which are retrieved from Rig Veda and mostly used when the communities are making sacrifices or Yajna related to Buddhist reincarnation.
Rig Veda: it is one of the earliest forms of Vedic Literature in India. It is written in hymns form from the Buddhist reincarnation history. It contains thousands of hymns which are addressed to various gods. Rig Veda show important social, political and economic life of Aryans in the works of Rig Veda.
Atharva Veda: It contains data on medicine, magic, politics and social sciences in the ancient Buddhist Reincarnation society.
There are also various Vedanta in the Buddhist reincarnation named as the wheel of Samsara, Karma, and Akarma.
THE WHEELS OF SAMSARA
Samsara means to wander in English and is a recognized word from the Buddhist reincarnation stories. It is used mostly in the Hindu and Buddhist reincarnation history which shows the continuous cycle of death and rebirth. It occurs due to one’s Karmic deeds which they practice when they are alive. It is also viewed as the unfamiliarity of the true nature of a person (atman) and Brahman which means absolute reality. In the case of realizing the true self then an individual would gain liberation during. According to Buddhist reincarnation, liberation is the best attainment that anyone can achieve and leads to the end of Samsara. Samsara is usually continuous and is assumed to never end from the past life stories.
The source of Samsara is never told, and several theories are put across by philosophers who are trying to explain how the approach was developed in Buddhist reincarnation stories. These theories are not listed in the Rig Veda but are on the Upanishad. There is a notion, however, in Buddhist reincarnation that second death occurs in heaven so as for the individual to come back to earth. All these are just theories which do not have any historical backing evidence of how Samsara occurred. It is clear from the past that the Buddhism culture was shared across the world where each community had different views on the belief in Buddhist reincarnation.
There are several ways in which Samsara is believed to take place in Buddhist reincarnation. The first way is where an individual goes to hell then they are later reborn in the form of small animals or rocks as explained in the Buddhist reincarnation stories. The other path is where one after death goes to heaven then their soul gets to be with the Brahman. Those who follow this path have a proper arbitration and achievement of moksa acquired through atman. The last way that an individual can trail is known as the “Path of ancestors.” Once an individual passes away, the soul leaves and goes to the moon to the ancestors and is eaten up by the gods. The soul that is consumed by the gods would then go to space and later on comes to earth where it is born in the form of a human being as Buddhist reincarnation stories show.
In Buddhist reincarnation, there are two perceptions that are attached to samsara; Moksa and Karma. Karma is the law of deeds where according to Buddhist reincarnation and Hindu karma is not resolute by god, the particular individual’s thoughts usually determine it. The actions an individual does are expected to support dharma as a way of ensuring their karma is clean. Both of these typically identify the samsara and affect a Buddhist reincarnation.
As stated above that karma is the law of an action that is determined by an individual’s deeds. Karma shows that it happens to an individual who executes it through even thoughts, and not only activities. Upanisads show that karma is usually accrued then transferred from one life to another as an individual reincarnates. In Buddhist reincarnation, one’s act would always haunt them for a lifetime. The wicked deeds are generally referred to as bija which can remain in a person’s life for a short or long time before it begins to show its fruits.
According to the kind bija one commits, the karma may be wrong or right and in Buddhist reincarnation it would be carried to the next life not unless it is cleansed. When one passes away, the jiva goes away, and samsara happens about the fruits of the individual’s karmic activities where jiva decides where one goes. When a Buddhist or Hindu sees terrible occurrences or stressful situation, they perceive it as karma occurring in the present Buddhist reincarnation. An example is when a child gets sick, and there is no one in the family with any evil karma then they assume that the child has karma from the previous life which would manifest itself now.
An individual’s dharma is linked to their samsara and karma. If a ruler to a community does dharma, then the effect would be felt by all citizens of the kingdom. Buddhist reincarnation culture calls for sacrifices to be made and also rites of passage performed. It would ensure that the ruler can function well and the community as well as avoids evil karma when Buddhist ruination happens on them. Failure to do so then the karma would be wicked, and in the kings next life, he would have a lower rank than the current position which is a proof of reincarnation.
In Buddhist reincarnation, akarma is defined as the duties that are performed to please the Lord. These actions are deemed to release one from the birth and death cycle, and the activities bring no effect to the particular person. Akarma is well explained in the book of Bhagavad-Gita and its effect on Buddhist reincarnation. These deeds can be spiritual, mental or physical and one should know them. An example in the society, when someone talks to God through prayers and they need nothing in return. It is an act of Akarma portrayed by the particular Buddhist reincarnation stories. Akarma is perceived to be the deeds that we do for God.
PLACES ASSOCIATED WITH BUDDHIST REINCARNATION IN NEPAL
Majority of the places in Nepal associated with Buddhist reincarnation are mostly the ancient temples that were used by the Buddhist community. These centers hold a lot of values and prestige that come from the activities done there. Buddhist reincarnation took places in temples where the Nepalese who had lost their lives would be criminated hence believe that they would be reborn in different features in the world depending on karma.
It is amongst the oldest place of worship in the history of Nepal with its construction dated 400 A.D. The main holy temple was reconstructed in the 17th century replacing the old one which became weak. In the sacred temple, Buddhist believe there is a sanctified environment which brings good karma to them according to the Buddhist reincarnation stories. Several members were involved with the construction of the temple in the ancient time.
One of the legends from the temple claims the temple was built at the point where Shiva misplaced his horns when he changed his appearance to be a deer. He had visited the bank of Baghmati, and nature made him convert himself to a deer so he could feel the serene environment. After that, human and gods tried to bring Shiva back to his duties, but he was against the idea. Force was used to getting Shiva back, and there is where the horn got lost. It was the first symbol which was worshiped by Hindu and Buddhists at Pashupatinath temple. It made the area a holy place which is essential in Buddhist reincarnation to avoid evil Karma in the new life.
This temple is significant to the Nepal Buddhist’s due to its fame in rich cultural practice. The temple was constructed by mother Jadzima, who was from a low-income family. She asked for the king a piece of land to build a temple. Due to her excellent karma, she was given a piece of land to do so. The mother died when the project was halfway, and his sons took over the construction.
It is a fulfilling wish center since all the sons made wishes which were fulfilled in the present and future reincarnated lives. It is famous amongst the Buddhists due to the power associated with the location. The eldest son of the woman wished to be the King of Tibet, the other asked God to make him a minister so that he may help his brother. The other two wishes were being an abbot, and the other wanted to be a famous yogi. In the next life after reincarnation, God granted their request. They were all given the positions and powers they wished to have. Due to their excellent Karma, the Lord gave them better beings after Buddhist reincarnation.
The temple is located at the top of the hill on the west end of Kathmandu city. It has been in the location since 5 A.D where different cultural practices have been conducted in the temple in relation to the Buddhist reincarnation culture. It is a peaceful prayer center for Buddhist and Hindu. It’s thought to be one of the holiest places as stated in Buddhist reincarnation stories in Nepal. The individual would go to the shrines to practice Akarma and also offer cleansing practices. These practices were believed to avoid bad karma in the Buddhist reincarnation. The name of the place means a self-existing place and has evolved severally being the oldest temple in the country.
From the Buddhist reincarnation stories, foreigners tend to call the temple “Monkey Temple” due to its excellent location that one can use to get a magnificent panoramic view of the city. The area has plenty of monkeys which make it holy. The temple was on an island that was surrounded by a lake and land reclamation was done to make it accessible.
Pharping and Dakshinkali Temple
Nepal has a very astonishing religious and Buddhist reincarnation culture. In this country both the Buddhists and Hindu pray in harmony and even share their temples. Dakshinkali and Pharping are well known for its spiritual practice of offering animal sacrifices. In this temple, the Hindu and Buddhist pray together. The temple is built to respect Kali who is have incarnated from Parvati. Various business people in the location offer animals that could be used for sacrifices. The temple in Dakshinkali is located in a valley and has several alters where worshipers could offer their sacrifices as they pray for God to forgive their karma. Pharping temple is also in a nearby area and is a few kilometers from Dakshinkali. In the temple too, Hindu and Buddhist could enter together and offer their sacrifices.
Why don’t we remember our past lives?
An example is given of a girl in Delhi who could remember her past when she was at the age of four years. She could lament and complain demanding to be returned to her family after going through the Buddhist reincarnation process. She was married and having a family in her previous life. To prove that the story was right, Shanti Devi’s former husband admitted that her wife passed away. She passed away when giving birth to their only son. This scenario proves that Buddhist reincarnation is real and happens. But the actual query is, why don’t we remember about our previous lives?
Various scientists have tried to prove why we never remember our past experiences after reincarnation. The truth is that we all remember something about our pasts. We always have a particular attraction to various things and certain people. It is a reflection of our previous lives where we may never recall everything, but we would remember what we love. Hindu believe that the soul is multidimensional like the world. This is different from what western cultures think about where the soul usually lives forever, and the body dies. Hindu have a belief that during rebirth when the infant breaths in the first time they revive. This moment makes the mind and body forget the past life experiences which are known as Vaishnava shakti.
Presence of the mind also affects how we forget our past. Hindu’s believe the only way one can remember their past is keeping the state of their mind active when they are passing away. It sounds more of a belief since at that moment someone is usually in an unconscious state and they can not be able to make such a call. It contributes to the fact that human beings on reincarnation can’t remember their past experiences. If they can recall, it shows that the individual has an immortal ability to hang on the state of mind long enough to carry the memories to the next life. For Shanti Devi’s case, it shows that she used the mental strength from her yogi. She called unto the Lord all through and was delivered with her memories. At her inactive state, her mind was kept at a divine place.
Karma affects Buddhist reincarnation. If someone’s karma is right, then they have a higher chance of being reincarnated as a human being. It is a divine blessing given to us by God as a gift for being in our best in the previous life. Buddhist reincarnation is not an assurance that we would be reborn as human beings. It contributes to us not remembering our past lives since we may increase from insect state to human state. The soul is usually trying to learn the new nature, and it would be hard to recover all the information from our former being. Hindu believe the data is, however, stored in karmashaya which keeps all our past lives.
STORIES OF REINCARNATION IN NEPAL
Reincarnation of Rinpoche Tenga
Kyabje Tenga Rinpoche passed away in the year 2012. Nepalese were waiting for his reincarnation for some time to see whether it would happen. It was because he was a religious leader in the country and was loved for his skills in Vajrayana events. Before the spiritual leader passed away, he spoke and prophesied about his reincarnation. He said these words to encourage his followers to wait for him to come back patiently. Tenga kept the information to himself and shared the story with Sanye Nyenpa telling him where he would be born and who would be the new family. The incarnation would be at a Gangpung mountain.
It made the Buddhist religious leaders search for the proof of reincarnation in the region. It had few families that were located in the area. They set out for the search mission to look for their reincarnated leader. The details given by Rinpoche matched the information of the mountain located in Nepal. The first search never bore fruits since they never got the person they were told to look for on the hill.
They conducted a second search, and they were able to get the named parents where Kyabje Tenga Rinpoche would incarnate. The child was born in the year 2014, two years after the death of their leader. The kid had a red spot located between his eyes which according to Buddhist reincarnation is a sign that Rinpoche had reincarnated. When the child grew up, the features and characteristics of Kyabje Tenga Rinpoche were visible. The Yangsi was kind to the needy and loved other children. He also loved malas which Rinpoche loved them. On seeing the search party on the first day, the Yangsi spoke Tibetan, which he has never talked before.
When the youngster grew older, he was given the position that Kyabje Tenga Rinpoche held in the temple. His parents were his assistants to ensure he developed as an upright fellow. The behavior of the kid for the first time showed that he had confidence and this was not a character people expected for a kid’s first appearance in such a large congregation. The child was two years old in the Rinpoche’s throne due to his resemblance. They never questioned whether this was the real Rinpoche, but they believed in Buddhist reincarnation from their cultural teachings.
Reincarnation of Lama Thubten Yeshe
Lama Yeshe is a Nepalese Buddhist born in the year 1935 and was thought to be incarnated. Religious leaders took him to a convent to be part of the various functions taking place in the country. He would spend hours in shrine rooms with the religious leaders and attend different religious services. The religious taught him English when he was at home as they took the time to visit his parents. Lama loved his parents, and since they led a humble life, he never wanted to be poor like his parents. He decided to live a religious life from when he was a small boy. He could beg the Monks who frequently visited to take him with them to the religious schools.
Later on, he joined the monks and when he was eight years, he later on appointed as a monk. His biggest prayer was to bring peace to Buddhists who were adamant about Dharma. At the age of twenty years, Lama was given a chance now to go around Nepal and the world to spread the doctrine. He served the Nepalese Buddhists till his demise in the year 1984. He is thought to have reincarnated in the life of a Spanish boy by the name Tenzin Osel. Osel had all the features and characteristics that Lama Thubten.
He was just about a year old when the parents received a visit from Dalai Lama confirming that Osel was Lama Thubten reincarnation. He had similar traits to those Lama Thubten had. Osel was introduced to Buddhism at a tender age due to his resemblance to the late Lama. At the age of two years, the kid was fully clad in a monk’s robe. He never allowed people to show affection not unless he was the first to offer the gesture. Thubten. He possessed the same self-restraint mediation characters that Lama Thubten had. He lived in a monastery where he was taught all the relevant Buddhist religious information. In a particular stage, Osel was given Lama Thubten personal possession to use them.
Shanti Devi India Reincarnation
Shanti Devi had memories of her past life when she was a child. Her case is one of the best scenarios to be recorded. She was born in her new life in the year 1926, and by the time she was four years of age, Shanti was saying that she was married and with a family. The old family was in Mathura residence in Delhi. Investigations in her past life show she was born in the year 1902 and given the name Lugdi. She was wedded at the age of ten years Kedarnath who was a shop owner in the same region. His husband was remarrying after losing his first wife. Lugdi, on the other hand, was a religious lady and had attended various religious events when she was young.
She had the first pregnancy which was never a success for the family. The baby was stillborn after a prolonged period of caesarian section. During her second pregnancy, was keener and decided to take her to a public medical facility. The second child was delivered through the caesarian section and was successful. After around ten days Lugdi health deteriorated, and she passed away leaving the infant and husband.
Two years later, December 11th, 1926 a couple in Mathur which is Delhi too were blessed with a baby girl they called Shanti Devi. The girl could not speak well until she was at the age of four years. She opened up to the new family that she was married and she has a family in Mathura. She opened up about her husband’s business in the area also, but the parents never took her serious.
The behavior persisted, and it made the new parents be worried about her allegations. She went ahead to tell the family of several occurrences that happened in her former life which connected her to her husband. She speaks of the kinds of dresses she used to wear in her previous life and the type of sweets she would eat. One of the primary concern was how she could give the tiniest details of her husband. She told the parents that her husband usually wore reading glasses, fair and on his left cheek there is a lump.
To top it all, she gave the chilling details of her death after giving birth. They consulted a medical practitioner and on listening to her narrations, and they proved to be true. It left them with only one answer that the girl had reincarnated from her past life. When she grew up, she asked her new parents to take her to Mathura. She could not give the name of her husband until she was eight years old according to Indian cultures. This reincarnation story shows that Shanti recognizes the Hindu customs by not mentioning her husband’s name until she was eight years old.
The family looked for her husband and brought him to their home and Shanti could recognize him. She could tell his favorite dish and different features of her house before she died. Kedarnath her husband after watching her for some time could say that it was her. Every character that her wife Lugdi had, Shanti resembled them. It was one unique occurrence in the country, and everyone was perplexed. Shanti could tell every tiny detail in her past life. It was a new Buddhist reincarnation story that caught the attention of the different scientists including Mahatma Gandhi.
In summary, Nepalese and Hindu practice Buddhism reincarnation since the ancient times. Reincarnation is proven to be right in limited cases across the world where the majority of the societies in the world practice the culture. The past Buddhist reincarnation stories show that karma decides how an individual is reincarnated. Reincarnation takes three different methods which bring the change in the feature of the person in a new life. Karma would always follow us even in our new life. The three stories show how reincarnation is taking place in Nepal and also in the world. They are trying to prove that rebirth happens. The outstanding case is Shanti’s case where she could recall each tiny detail from her past life.